Encyclopedia of Dogs.
Dogs are so firmly established in human life, that some countries have been the object of worship. For example, in Egypt, the dead dogs placed gravestones, which wrote the mournful epitaphs. A man who killed a dog subjected to severe corporal punishment, but for some cruelty to these animals, the death penalty.
The Persians killing dogs as a crime. The laws of Persia dog was defined as "stud keeper and protector of rights." The Greeks believed that the dog has forged volcano. To understand the role it played in the mythology of this country, enough to turn to the Greek pottery, to sculpture, and literature.
Top of specialization.
In the Middle Ages dogs were kept as guard in monasteries, they may help brighten the monks alone. Thus, at the Abbey of St.. Hubert in the Belgian Ardennes, was launched Blood Hound. Also, according to reliable sources, the German monks, who needed a dog that can protect the monastery from the attacks, withdrew German shepherd.
It was during this period he began specializing hunting dogs. Pointers and setters used to search for prey, a dog with a good nose shoo deer, greyhounds used for pursuit of prey; Molosser dogs accompanied the hunters on the buffalo and bear. Small dogs are called beaver at this time also began to be used for burrowing fox hunting and hare.
Thus, the first terriers. Following the example of the Great Khan's Mongol, which, according to his Marco Polo, took a pack of hunting five thousandth, the European feudal lords kept from a thousand to fifteen hundred hunting dogs.
Dogs and Art.
The number of dog breeds, especially hunting and growing. In the XVII century. France was in first place on the number of breeds of hunting dogs. All the French kings loved to hunt and did so with a truly royal scale and luxury.
It was at this time, the appearance of the breed of white dog royal, elegant, healthy, have no equal in the hunt in a pack. Through exchanges, trade and conflicts between various European countries and brought these noble, beautiful and friendly animals that have no equal in fidelity, strength and intelligence, became very popular.
They were immortalized by the greatest artists who painted them lying at the feet of the noble owners. For several centuries artists have placed on his paintings of dogs, illustrating man's love for these animals. The paintings of the Renaissance has many beautiful dogs.
Instinct and protection.
Dogs that have guard instinct, they will watch under their house, the thing or person as well as sheep. In Greece, some dogs are probably descended from the Molosser dogs, guarding the sacred places. Plutarch tells us that one dog, before attacking, 21 miles pursued the thief, robbing the temple of Aphrodite.
Each dog, yielding ancient instinct, barking alert residents of the house, if someone else would encroach on the things the owner. Even the smallest terriers are forced to hear her barking and growling. Common ancestor of all the guard dogs had a huge and aggressive Molosser dog. However, the current guard dogs need special training to be held by professional breeders.
During the long years of its existence four-legged friend a person time to learn a lot of professions. One of them - search for truffles in some parts of Italy and France. Truffles - a rare delicacy, and expensive mushrooms that grow on the roots of oak.
Find them can only specially trained dogs (pigs in this now as no longer used because they tend to eat themselves found a mushroom). This task handle only dogs and the Half-Blood Terriers, who are not distracted by small forest animals.
French King Louis XV enjoyed in the morning have fun finding truffles under the trees in the Parc de la Myuet accompanied by dogs, donated by his grandfather, King of Sardinia. Dogs, especially terriers, and miniature schnauzers basset hound, used to control mice in the vegetable shops and grocery stores.
Nice ear dog.
Dogs are also well-developed ears, allowing them to hear even an ultrasound. This high-frequency vibrations, which are not perceived by the human ear. During the wars and police actions, people often resorted to using ultrasound, to give the dogs away team, inaudible to the enemy.
In addition, the dog is able to distinguish between 24 m and determine the source of the sound that people hardly heard at a distance of 4 m. It should be noted the ability of dogs to distinguish between sounds that do not differ from each other. So, they are able to distinguish the sound of a running car the owner of the sound engines of many other cars of the same model.
The mysterious power of dogs.
With regard to touch the dogs, we know that they are able to perceive stroke and strokes. It is known that tactile, thermal and painful stimuli are perceived by the skin and mucous membranes, but this area of the physiology of dogs little studied.
Dogs can feel the slightest touch to the hair. We know that when the temperature of air dog fur becomes more lush. That is why northern dogs are capable of without experiencing discomfort, sleep right in the snow. Nevertheless, very little is known about the sensory hairs and types of hair and skin of dogs.
Another mystery of these animals is their ability to find a home. This could be explained if the dog back on a familiar road. But there have been cases so far unexplained by science, when the dog came back after it took them a few hundred miles from home.
Difficulty in choosing a puppy.
The future owner should carefully consider whether the chosen breed dog to adapt to a particular climate, or society of certain people. Thus, the boxer will not be the best companion for an elderly woman; fee - not a good choice for the protection of property; Eskimo dog will suffer from hot climates.
There are dogs small, medium and large size. If the Irish wolfhound stand on its hind legs, it will be taller than a man, Saint Bernard - one of the worst dogs, Chihuahuas - one of the smallest and most fragile.
Dogs can be shorthaired, wirehaired and longhaired, and one required long runs, another fairly small walks, some love to a hot climate, others - cold, calm, and there are living, loving and calm dog bark. Therefore, choosing a dog, along with the appearance must be considered and these characteristics.
The dogs quickly grow out of a newborn puppy in a large puppy first, and then into an adult. After that comes the period of maturity, which lasts several years. Life expectancy of a dog depends on several factors: environment, breed, health, hygiene, mobility and nutrition.
Life expectancy of dogs as retrievers and fox terrier, quite large: they live up to eighteen - twenty years. Other dogs such as boxers and German shepherds tend to live 12-13 years.
Not quite the right thing by those who, to put the dogs age in human years, simply multiplies the years lived a dog at seven. First, the female in one year of age is incapable of procreation can not be said about the seven-year girl. The table given here will help to more accurately calculate the "human equivalent" age dog.